In most places, reaching that magic number still means getting there the old-fashioned way — with a master’s degree and 10 or 20 years on the job. And in places like New York State, salaries are given a hefty boost simply because the cost of living is higher, too.So what’s new? A growing number of districts are looking to change that pay structure. The goal: Give teachers, even younger teachers, the chance to earn more. Reward them not for seniority or advanced degrees, but for how well they teach.Startz called these strides a “very small step” in the right direction. “If we want a large set of people to do a job relatively well, we have to pay them relatively well,” he said.